There have been literally hundreds of studies aimed at determining the best means of motivating students, and probably as many self-proclaimed motivational experts as there are motivated students. One of the foremost models for enhancing students’ motivation to learn is the ARCS Motivation Model, developed in 1979 at the Syracuse University School of Education by John M. Keller, Ph.D.. In his model, Keller describes the four primary requisites for motivation, which, when properly addressed, provide the essentials that motivate students – both K-12 students and adults – to learn:
Attention Factor – Before you can even begin to motivate a student, you have to get his or her attention and stimulate his or her curiosity. This is best accomplished by offering the student something unexpected. Some professors offer examples of seemingly unrelated phenomena or concepts, and then link them back to one another in a unique fashion. Others find it effective to break the academic ice by using humor to stimulate their students’ curiosity. Whatever means of stimulating the student is most natural to the instructor is the one that should be applied. Few things will turn a student off more quickly than an instructor who forces an approach that is clearly out of his or her element. It can often be useful to introduce a guest speaker whose presentation appears superficially to be at variance with the instructor’s lessons, then to demonstrate how the seeming incongruity is not a deviation from the regular lesson theme.
- Relevance Factor – Once the student’s curiosity is tweaked, the subsequent presentations must be shown to have some relevance to the student’s interests and goals. All but the most devoted mathematicians can clearly recall the frustration they felt in grade school when they were first instructed in trigonometry, and could see no feasible reason why they would ever need the knowledge they were supposed to be absorbing. The promise of future relevance appears empty when students cannot imagine how the subject at hand will benefit them in their future endeavors. It is generally best to challenge students to come up with original examples showing how lessons are applicable and relevant.
- Confidence Factor – Give each student a clearly-defined and achievable objective to strive for in the course of his or her studies, and they will be much more motivated to put forth greater effort; digging deeply into the material. To put it simply, the students need to feel that they are capable of winning if their appetites for knowledge are to be whetted. We’ve all had at least one instructor who seemed to structure lessons and examinations to ensure that students’ grades were less than stellar. This typically translates to arrogant egotism in the students’ minds, and serves to discourage them, rather than motivating them to learn.
- Satisfaction Factor – Provide students with opportunities to creatively apply their new-found knowledge, and give them honest feedback as to how well their efforts demonstrate their understanding. Honest feedback provides objective but compassionate evaluations of their work. You certainly don’t want to be overly critical of students’ efforts, but by the same token, you don’t want to heap false praise on what appears to be a half-hearted or mediocre effort. The “reward,” should be commensurate with the effort students put-forth.
We instructors are as human as our students, and can sometimes overlook the potential
Further information on the ARCS Motivational model is available on Dr. Keller’s Florida State University web page at http://mailer.fsu.edu/~jkeller/JohnsHome/index.htm .challenges they face grasping and processing information we are so intimately familiar with. Providing the proper motivation helps bridge the gap of understanding, prompting adult students to perform at higher levels.
This guest post is contributed by Rebecca Gray, who writes about free background check for Backgroundchecks.org. She welcomes your comments at her email id: GrayRebecca14@gmail.com.
Hi FLC Team, My name is Sharifa and I am your new part-time assistant .
“It’s a coincidence that I am working for the Florida Literacy Coalition because I am always preaching to my son about how vital reading is to his success.”
Originally from Brooklyn New York City, I have been in Orlando for over twelve years. I received my Associate of Arts in Organizational Communication from Rollins College in 2006. I decided to take some time off to raise my son, Jayson, who is now eight years old. In January 2013 I returned to college to set a positive example and to keep current on my academic and professional skills. I am currently a junior and look forward to graduating in May 2015. I am thrilled to be working with the staff at the Florida Literacy Coalition. I look forward to gaining new skills and being an asset to the organization. Last but not least, on my spare time I write poetry and I am a freelance writer for the Rollins college newspaper “The Sandspur”. Oh and my pet peeve: People who give bad customer service.
Florida Blue and the Florida Literacy Coalition are pleased to continue the Florida Health Literacy Initiative, providing grants up to $5,000 to support health literacy in adult ESOL and family literacy programs.
Low health literacy costs between $106 to $236 billion a year in the form of longer hospital stays, emergency room visits, increased doctor visits, and increased medication, according to a recent report from the University of Connecticut. Adults with low literacy levels often fail to engage in early detection and preventive health care. They also have significant difficulties navigating the health care system and following their doctor’s treatment plans.
The Florida Health Literacy Initiative provides training, resources, and funding to assist Florida ESOL and family literacy programs to integrate health education into their instruction. The objective is to help students develop basic literacy and English language skills while gaining information to make informed choices regarding their health and nutrition.
Applicants must be nonprofit or government-based organizations providing adult ESOL and/or family literacy instruction in Florida. Services may be delivered via classes, small groups, and one-to-one tutoring.
Click here for the application and grant guidelines. Proposals must be received by March 4, 2014 by 5:00 pm.
Christian Lundy was the 2013 recipient of the Flight for Freedom Award. This award honors an adult student who has demonstrated exceptional accomplishments in improvement of literacy or leadership skills. Christian began his education knowing around 10 words and having little reading skills. He worked with a tutor to improve his vocabulary, reading skills, and boost his confidence. Christian is proud to say that by working hard to improve his education he is more confident, makes better decisions, and thinks better. He can see that he will be able to meet some of the goals he has set for himself and he knows that he will become a better person. Christian’s goal was to become more independent and in furthering his education he can that he is in fact becoming more independent.
Do you know someone doing great things in literacy? Recognize the noteworthy accomplishments of individuals and organizations supporting adult and family literacy by nominating them for the 2014 Florida Literacy Awards. Nominations are now being accepted. The deadline to submit a nomination is FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14th, 2014. To submit a nomination click here.
Zelda Rogers (Florida Department of Education), Christian Lundy (Marion County Literacy Council), and Alison Hoefler (Southwest Airlines)
In everyday life, reading seems to take part in one way or another, but just how much impact does reading have on a person? The answer is quite a bit. Reading allows a person to develop fully in more ways than one. To understand the true impact of literacy in our lives we have to look at some of what reading does in our development.
Newer studies seem to suggest that reading impacts the life of a person in ways that you cannot see. For example, reading helps in the increase of connections between the different portions of the brains. As a person reads the book, the left hemisphere of the brain comprehends the words, while the frontal lobe reasons through it. It allows for smoother processing within the brain and fluidity when faced with decisions on a day to day basis. It has also been shown that reading has an impact on motor skills. Motor skills are developed throughout life, but along with reading it may be easier to enhance them.
Reading is helpful in a variety of ways from physical to mental health, but it makes it so much more important to note that many in the world do not have the ability to read (about 26% according to UNESCO). The impact of being able to read is much greater than would be perceived initially. It may be repeated frequently that much of the world’s population does not have the ability to read, but realize that illiteracy is the root to many other problems that could be solved simply by learning to read.
There has been much talk about the Common Core standards within Florida. Since its adoption in 2010, the Common Core standards have been at the center of confusion as well as controversy. The argument over whether or not to keep the standards has come to an almost definite conclusion, that the Common Core standards are on their way to become changed and modified, as well as renamed. In fact this past Monday state officials released 98 proposed changes to the Common Core.
There are many reasons for why the Board of Education for Florida has decided to modify the Common Core. One of the greater reasons is that in the initial creation of the standards, no teachers were incorporated in developing them, which caused the standards to seem better on paper rather than in practice, as some suggest. Another major component of conflict is over the needing to have a cursive writing component, where the Common Core does not have it required.
New suggestions have come out to either go back to the previous standards Florida had or simply to modify the current Common Core addressing some of the issues set forth by critics. Seemingly, the path that State Educators have taken is to modify the current Common Core to become “Florida Standards.” Among the changes is the adjusting of the benchmark, adding cursive writing to the core, and a few other changes. It is notable that these changes for the most part are simply minor ones, and does not drastically hinder from the Common Core.
Literacy is big topic as we kick off 2014. From Celebrate Literacy, Florida!, to reports on the good work of literacy programs and their supporters, this is becoming a year for literacy awareness. Learn more about what is going on throughout the state in this week’s headlines!
First Lady Ann Scott to kick off “Celebrate Literacy, Florida!” in Miami
CBS Miami, January 12, 2014
Wedowee man biking to Key West to support Imagination Library literacy campaign
Alabama Blog, January 10, 2014
CNN Analysis: Some college athletes play like adults, read like 5th-graders
CNN, January 8, 2014
Educational program benefits entire family
News Chief, January 12, 2014
Literacy the focus of book festival
Daytona Times, January 9, 2014
Books-A-Million partners with over 180 charities this holiday season
PR Wire, January 10, 2014
English Language Learners addressed by new Common Core book series
PR.com, January 10, 2014
Do you have a recent GED graduate or adult learner who is looking to go to college? Help them fill out the Free Application for Federal and Student Aid! Your students will have a better understanding of the types of financial aid (grants, scholarships, loans, etc.) they are eligible for and it will help their colleges or schools in their quest to help your student with financial aid. The 2014-15 FAFSA became available on January 1.
Here is a video explaining what FAFSA is and what it can do for your students. It can be a daunting process, so sometimes it helps to have a friendly voice guiding you along the way.
7 Myths About the FAFSA and Applying for Financial Aid
Adult learners are the best spokespeople for your organization. They will be able to help those intimidated to take the first step and they will help get the message of need and urgency across to your funders and donors. The Florida Literacy Coalition is hosting a training to help students become effective advocates for their program by telling their compelling stories.
- Introduction to Effective Public Speaking
- Developing and Making Presentations
- Adult Learner Involvement and Leadership
- Conducting Interviews with the Media
- Adult Learner Advocacy
Here is a video from the Literacy Ambassador Training in 2008
The training will take place January 24-25 in Orlando. The event is free and attendees will be reimbursed for mileage, meals, and lodging if traveling over 50 miles. Register your student today for this amazing opportunity!